Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the connective tissue which holds the bladder, vagina, uterus, or rectum is weakened. Depending on the location of the most serious damage, patients may experience the sensation of pressure in the vagina or even see the vaginal tissue coming through the entrance to the vagina. The area affected may vary and women can experience different symptoms depending on the location.

  • Cystocele - the bladder protrudes into the vagina
  • Uterine prolapse - the uterus falls into the vagina or even comes out of the vaginal canal.
  • Enterocele - herniation of the intestines into the vagina.
  • Rectocele - the rectum protrudes into the vagina
  • Rectal Prolapse - the rectum invaginates through the anal opening.


  • Bulging into the vagina
  • A sensation of heaviness or fullness in the vagina
  • Difficulty emptying bowel or bladder
  • Visualizing tissue protruding from the vaginal canal
  • Low back pain
  • Painful or difficult intercourse


  • Physical therapy
  • Mechanical support devices (pessary)
  • Surgery